World leaders converged on Toronto this summer for another G-20 event -- roughly nine months after our own star turn on the global stage. And once again, with foreign delegates came herds of protesters and security forces.
In both cities, the main event was similar: As police and demonstrators clashed in the streets, the leaders of 19 countries and the European Union gathered to talk about the global economy. But in terms of sheer numbers, Toronto's event differed by several orders of magnitude. (The Toronto event also included a G-8 summit, a smaller gathering of leaders from the world's very largest economies, held in a nearby town.)
Figures are still rolling in for Toronto, and investigations of the city's most conspicuous lawbreakers are still being conducted. But as of Sept. 10, here's a breakdown of how the two cities compared.
Estimated property damage:
Toronto: $1.5 million Canadian (approximately $1.45 million U.S.). Sgt. Gary Giroux, of Toronto's G-20 Investigative Team, estimates that's a low number. Among the damages: six Toronto police cars destroyed in the fracas.
Number of arrestees:
Number of police:
Pittsburgh: In a post-G-20 news conference, Police Chief Nate Harper said there were more than 3,000 armed officers in town. That was a combined force of city police, outside municipal officers and state troopers. (Pittsburgh officials refused to identify how many city police were part of that force.)
Toronto: More than 3,500 uniformed Toronto Police, more than 1,600 from other municipalities. The figures do not include the Royal Canadian Mounted Patrol or plainclothes civilians working for police: Those figures were not available at press time.
Total security budgets:
Pittsburgh: The city was authorized to spend $16 million, $14.3 of that from outside sources. According to a Feb. 1 press release, the total security costs came to $12.24 million.
Toronto: Figures from Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada, which organized the summit, were not available at press time, but press accounts projected that the total security budget for the G-8 and G-20 summits would be $1 billion (approximately $970 million in U.S. currency).
Crowd control tool used for the first time?
Pittsburgh: The Long-Range Acoustical Device, or the LRAD, a mounted loudspeaker that can produce pain-inducing sounds.
Toronto: Tear gas. It's a first for Toronto, at least: Police have carried the gas, but officials say they believe it was the first time it was used for crowd control.
Most destructive protesters?
Pittsburgh: David Japenga, a California man, was convicted on vandalism charges for breaking windows in Oakland on Sept. 24 and faces sentencing later this fall. City police say he caused much of the damage during the Pittsburgh summit.
Toronto: Police are still searching for two New York men believed to have caused a significant amount of damage. One man allegedly used a pickaxe to break windows at various building towers and shops, causing $385,000 in damage. Another man is accused of several assaults and vandalism.