"Community schools" advocates say schools can stay open ... by opening their doors | News | Pittsburgh | Pittsburgh City Paper

"Community schools" advocates say schools can stay open ... by opening their doors

"We have to shift our way of thinking, so that we collectively embrace our public schools as community assets."

Photo by Heather Mull
Community-schools advocate Jessie Ramey of Great Public Schools Pittsburgh

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"I understand money is a true issue, but I don't think we should use that as a reason not to do it," Esposito-Visgitis says. "I don't want us to talk too long. What I would really love to talk to a few possible funders and get it started in one of our schools."

Two months ago, members of the teachers' union, school-board members and other officials attended a conference in Cincinnati, to get a closer look at the community-schools approach.

"I think the nicest surprise I found is absenteeism tends to be down, graduation rates tend to go up [at community schools]," said Carolyn Klug, the school-board representative for District 9.

Student often miss school as a result of physical- or mental-health problems, but Klug says chronic absenteeism can be reduced by addressing these problems in school.

According to the Cincinnati school district, students receiving any opportunity or support service — including tutoring or after-school activities — saw an average 5.6 percent increase in their reading scores between the 2009-2010 and 2010-2011 school years, and a 4.6 percent advance in math. Students who did not receive these services saw only a 2 percent gain in reading and a 1.8 percent improvement in math.

The Cincinnati event was hosted by the Coalition for Community Schools, a national alliance affiliated with the Institute for Educational Leadership, a nonpartisan organization funded by a variety of national foundations. The gathering drew an estimated 1,400 participants from school districts around the country, many of which are also facing budget cuts.

"I'm aware of the budgetary challenges in public schools ... but there are still ways," says CCS Executive Director Martin Blank.

Districts are utilizing the business community, health systems, local government, community nonprofits and other agencies to expand opportunities for students. In Philadelphia, for example, the United Way and other foundations came together to provide funding to hire a community-schools coordinator to work in the schools. In other cities, local governments help provide funding.

"It's the school system's space," Blank says, "but they figured out a funding source independent of the school system."

And the diversity of support for community schools, he says, is a testament to its effectiveness.

"The strategy is growing across the country," says Blank. "It's in all parts of America, whether they're red or blue; whether they're serving the black, Latino or white populations."

Community schooling isn't a completely new idea in Pittsburgh. The Homewood Children's Village, a local nonprofit organization, has been providing wraparound services to students at Faison K-5, Lincoln K-5, University Prep 6-12 and Westinghouse 6-12.

The nonprofit "has reached out to our partners in the community to really bring to bear the services that are necessary for our kids to develop," says HCV President Derrick Lopez. "It's important for us to leverage the time we have with kids, and we've made it easier for parents to access the services their families need."

While not a school itself, HCV provides programs similar to those found in community schools, such as transportation and a weekend nutrition program. The nonprofit utilizes relationships with community organizations including: the YWCA, which provides after-school programs; the University of Pittsburgh, whose volunteers tutor and mentor students; and foundations, which provide needed funding.

"This is incredibly difficult work," says Lopez. HCV, he notes, spent several years planning and soliciting community contributions before implementing the model. Success, he says, is "based on relationship-building. We build upon the model every year. It can be done on a large scale, but it has to be done incrementally."

At least one potential community partner is already on board.

"I love the idea" of community schools, says Mayor Bill Peduto. By housing community services, "we can provide a source of revenue to keep the schools open, and provide a foundation to attract people to the neighborhood."

Peduto, who convened a task force on public schools earlier this year, says the community-school approach will be on the agenda. The task force, he says, should release a report on the district's future around Labor Day.

Peduto acknowledges the district's concerns about costs, and says the city could help find resources to cover them. "I'm not trying to place an unfunded mandate on Dr. Lane," he says. "I want to work with her."

"We don't need to close more schools," Peduto adds. "We need to find ways to keep them open."

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