As in Hicks’ case, one recent death on Route 51 occurred while the rider was following the letter of law. Arthur Bell was commuting from his home in Center Township to his engineering job in Downtown Pittsburgh. Just after dawn, Bell was hit by a flatbed truck while he was riding in the right lane of southbound Route 51 near the Ambridge-Aliquippa Bridge. Bell was transported by a helicopter to a local hospital and later died.
According to Arthur Bell’s brother, Brian Bell, Arthur was an experienced and conscientious rider, who once rode across Pennsylvania and Ohio and always wore a fluorescent-yellow vest and a helmet. Quigley believes that Arthur was riding in the right lane instead of the shoulder because the shoulders of Route 51 are usually filled with debris, like “glass and wires.” But he notes that, according to Pennsylvania law, Bell is allowed to ride in the lane. Video taken by news crews after the crash show the rear red light on Arthur Bell’s bike still flashing as emergency workers assessed the scene. The Allegheny County medical examiner ruled the death accidental, but Hopewell Township Police Chief Brian Uhrmacher says the case is still under investigation by the township, Beaver County Police and the district attorney.
Brian Bell says he hasn’t received a report from Hopewell Police after multiple requests but “believes they are considering pressing charges.”
Even if drivers were charged in cases like Bell’s and Hicks’ (where vehicular manslaughter could be easily ruled out because the drivers did not appear to exhibit gross negligence), punishment under current Pennsylvania law regarding careless driving resulting in the death of another person is a $500 fine.
Reisman says nine other states have recently instituted far steeper penalties for careless-driving deaths through vulnerable-road-user laws. VRU laws institute higher penalties when careless driving results in the death of cyclists, pedestrians and others not driving or riding in a motor vehicle. Oregon, the first state to pass these laws in 2007, can seek penalties including 100 to 200 hours of community service and a mandatory traffic course. If the driver fails to complete the traffic course and community service, a $12,500 fine and a license suspension are issued.
Gothie, of PennDOT, says the department is not aware of any proposals for VRU legislation. “PennDOT takes the safety of cyclists and pedestrians seriously, and would review any legislative proposal carefully,” writes Gothie in an email to CP. “To date, the department has focused its efforts to improve cyclist and pedestrian safety on education and outreach, as opposed to increasing fines or penalties.”
But Pennsylvania is currently in the process of passing a new state law geared at increasing bike safety. House Bill 1361, sponsored by state Rep. Anthony DeLuca (D-Penn Hills), amends the driving code to require cyclists who ride at night to wear “high-visibility safety apparel ... that is retro-reflective,” in addition to the front-white and red-rear lights the law already requires.
Bricker, of Bike PGH, says while this bill is well intentioned, it requires cyclists to purchase and carry around more equipment. He says this creates another barrier to getting people to ride bikes as transportation, and transfers the onus of being more responsible away from drivers.
“It seems like a slippery slope,” says Bricker. “If there are higher numbers of pedestrians struck, do we require them to wear reflectors and flashing lights at night too?”
While there have been multiple bike fatalities initiated by vehicles lately (another cyclist was hit and killed by a tractor-trailer in Upper Burrell, on Nov. 5), bike-crash fatalities by drivers — 12 in 2015 by CP’s count — are down from last year and still sit below the past decade’s average of 15 per year. But while the number of fatalities is down, cycling advocates still hope that some action will come out of the recent deaths.
Mayor Bill Peduto’s office has announced that over the past year, the city has added 2.62 miles of protected bike lanes and 4.25 miles of additional bike infrastructure. Another protected bike lane is currently being added to a small portion of East Street, on the North Side. And Bike PGH teaches classes on how to ride on city streets.
The city’s bicycle and pedestrian coordinator, Kristin Saunders, did not return requests for comment for this story. But on Nov. 9, she told 90.5 WESA-FM that drivers should be aware while sharing the road with cyclists, and suggested that to understand cyclists’ perspective, drivers try riding a bike on city streets.
But bike lawyer Reisman believes that more can be done for enforcement. He says police could set up “blanket enforcement” centers on high-bike-traffic areas in the city, where cops sit on corners and issue warnings and tickets when violations occur.
In response to Hicks’ death and the deaths of two other pedestrians in Oakland, Pittsburgh police called a meeting with Bricker and Bike PGH on Nov. 2. Bricker says he told officials he’d like to see officers increase enforcement of moving violations against drivers who speed, hurry through traffic lights, or fail to yield to pedestrians.
Above all, Bike PGH wants to see some of the culture around cycling change. And for the advocacy group, that starts with a simple change in terminology. Says Bike PGH’s Kaminski: “As a culture, we absolve everyone of fault before an investigation even occurs because we use the term ‘accident’ instead of ‘crash.’ ‘Crash’ is a neutral term, and ‘accident’ is not."